KGB archives related to the agency's secret research program in Artificial Intelligence were recently declassified. They reveal that the Soviets had succeeded in building a computer which could not only solve complex mathematical problems but was also capable of rational thinking of a human type, although at a very basic level. The computer. whose nickname was Nikita, was mounted on wheels and was free to explore its environment inside the agency laboratory. The pride of what was then the Soviet Union, Nikita was brought to the 1964 conference on Artificial Intelligence entitled "Can computers really think?", and taking place in West Berlin. One day before its scheduled presentation before a public of experts, and despite the tight security surrounding the building in which it was stored, Nikita was able to open the door and reach the street on its battery powered wheels. It then ran three miles to the US Embassy on Clay Alley, and defected. The next day the Soviet Union announced its withdrawal from the conference. The research team was relocated in Siberia upon its return and the research program was terminated shortly afterward.