Eyes open or closed? Focusing on an object or your breathing? Repeating a word or mantra?
Different traditions advocate different methods. Transcendental Meditation suggests 20 minutes of meditating with a mantra in the morning and 20 minutes in the evening. I'm familiar with one Buddhist teacher who suggests open-eye meditation. Mindfulness meditation recommends 30 minutes a day focusing on thoughts and feelings. The studies I sited in "Meditation: The New Elixir for All Our Mental Ailments?" used several different techniques. From the studies' reports, each method was effective in obtaining measurable outcomes.
The list of different methods is long. However, they all have one thing is common: The focus is inward. So how do you decide what's the best for you?
Thanks to redroom.com for ushering my articles to Huffington Post Healthy Living!