One of the earliest Secret Societies began with cryptic meetings attended by the disciples of Pythagoras. A lot of the philosophy of the Pythagorean brotherhood was taken from the Old Testament and Judaism. The Pythagoreans loved the five-pointed star, known as Solomon's Seal, referring to King Solomon, king of the two kingdoms, Israel and Judah. Although today you see the Star of David (the symbol for Israel and the Jews) as a six-pointed star, many believe the five-pointed star was what it was originally. In my old dictionary, next to the definition of Solomon's Seal is a picture of a six-pointed star, so it appears the two are inner-changeable. Makes sense, Solomon's father was, after all, King David. The six-pointed star is also known as the Shield of David. Today the iconic symbol of the Freemasons is the six-pointed star, leading one to suspect that the secret brotherhood proudly traces its origins back to the ancient Pythagoreans. People frequently question, what are the stars on the homes and barns in Kentucky? Though they are five-pointed, they too may be inner-changeable and are making a declaration that members of either the Freemasons or their female counterparts, the Eastern Star, reside there.
Suellen Ocean is the author of Secret Genealogy a how-to for tracing ancient Jewish ancestry and Secret Genealogy II, Uncovering the Jewish Roots of Our Christian Ancestors, both available at Amazon, B&N and Ocean-Hose. http://www.pacificsites.com/~oceanhose/