It wasn't "science" the way we know it today, nor religious the way we perceive it but it was quite "Pagan" and very esoteric. The followers of Pythagoras didn't trim their fingernails, didn't shave and did not cut their hair so they probably had long dreadlocks.
This tightly knit community studied the natural sciences, had philosophical discussions and advanced the study of mathematics. Two thousand years later, during the 1500's, men of "science" continued to meet in secret. During that era, the Invisible College sprang up and Britain's Royal Society grew from the seeds of the Invisible College.
Suellen Ocean is the author of Secret Genealogy a how-to for tracing ancient Jewish ancestry and Secret Genealogy II, Uncovering the Jewish Roots of Our Christian Ancestors, both available at Smashwords, Amazon, B&N and Ocean-Hose. http://www.pacificsites.com/~oceanhose/