"Ronald Reagan won the Cold War without firing a shot."
- British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. In August of 1964, after the Gulf of Tonkin incident, his successor, President Lyndon B. Johnson, thrust America into the Vietnam War.
The United States fought in Southeast Asia until January, 1973. Approximately 58,000 Americans lost their lives; some 1 million people died in the war overall. The Vietnam conflict was concluded when President Richard M. Nixon, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, and the North Vietnamese reached an agreement hammered out over a period of years at the Paris peace talks.
The agreement was an artful triangulation on Kissinger's part, pitting Soviet, Red Chinese and North Vietnamese Communist interests against each other, thus maximizing American global gains; all exacerbated by a heavy U.S. bombing campaign meant to put pressure on her enemies. At the time, it appeared that a division between North and South Vietnam would be created, not unlike the DMZ separating North Korea from South Korea since 1953.
In 1975, the Communists broke the agreement and invaded the south, overrunning Saigon and causing a max exodus of panic. Between 1975 and 1979, Communism indeed spread in realization of the long-held "domino theory" throughout Southeast Asia; to Laos and Cambodia. 1.5 million human beings were murdered by the Communists, most infamously by Cambodian revolutionary Pol Pot. In 1979, American diplomats were taken hostage in Iran, which was overrun by Islamic fundamentalists. Between 1977 and 1980, the term of American President Jimmy Carter, Communism spread throughout Latin America, Asia, and Africa. It appeared that the battle for the Third World had been won by Communism; that the "long twi-light struggle," to use Kennedy's 1961 words, between the forces of freedom and the tyranny, had been lost by America.
Over the next 27 years, those losses would be reversed. Just as in most of American history, the concept that this happened simply by accident, or because Americans are smarter or more diligent than other humans, defies common sense. Rather, it would appear the only valid theory is that the hand of God favored us.
Lyndon Johnson was the Democrat torchbearer of 1964. His opponent, Senator Barry Goldwater (R.-Arizona) represented the nascent conservative values of the West. Richard Nixon had tried to harness its power but McCarthyism, combined with "tombstone votes" in Texas and fraudulent votes in Illinois, had prevented him from riding the whirlwind. This was just one part of the three-act Shakespearean drama that was Nixon's long, strange, twisted struggle with the Kennedy family.
Johnson won in a landslide and in 1965 the Democrat Party appeared to be all-powerful. They controlled the White House with veto-proof majorities in the House and the Senate. Democrats won at every level; they controlled state houses, governorhips, and the Supreme Court. LBJ certainly appeared poised to create a "permanent majority" when America's Hitler-conquering forces would wipe out Communism in Vietnam.
When his civil rights bills were passed, LBJ had the most "perfect" majority imaginable. He and his party not only controlled the "black vote," they also controlled the segregated Jim Crow South. But Johnson was a wily politico who sensed that trouble lay ahead.
"We've just handed the South to the Republican Party for 40 years," he told aide Bill Moyers at the civil rights signing.
Towards the end of the long, hot summer of 1965, a routine traffic stop by a white Los Angeles police officer of a black motorist in the Watts section of south-central L.A. sparked furious riots. The reaction to the riots was a demand for law 'n' order by the white conservative base. Its champion: the former movie actor Ronald Reagan.
In 1966, Reagan ran a Right-wing campaign against incumbent Governor Edmund "Pat" Brown, the man who had beaten Richard Nixon in 1962. Reagan won in a landslide. This immediately vaulted Reagan into the national spotlight, and his successful eight years in Sacramento served to strengthen his national position all the more.
Reagan was a reactionary because he had much to react against. Primarily this meant the disturbances on California college campuses in the 1960s. The University of California-Berkeley - the school and the city - allowed itself to become the de facto staging grounds of American Communism, openly providing "aid and comfort" to Hanoi.
An enormous divide split the country. Hollywood took a Leftward turn, with actress Jane Fonda traveling to Hanoi to pose for photo-ops, while the motion picture industry increasingly made anti-American movies. The conservative movement, which had in the 1950s consisted of little more than a few intellectuals sitting around William Buckley's mother's Connecticut house for readings of Hayek, Kirk and Rand, had been charged up and Westernized by Goldwater; infuriated by the anti-war Left; and given life by Reagan. Its base was Orange County, California, the suburbs just south of Los Angeles.
Reagan bided his time, however. The initial benefactor of the Right's new life was Nixon. In 1968 he ran for President. Johnson announced he would not run for re-election. Robert Kennedy would run. In April, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in Memphis. In June, Kennedy was assassinated at the Ambassador Hotel in the mid-Wilshire District of Los Angeles. Ironically, he had spent the day at the Malibu home of his friend, John Schlessinger, who directed The Manchurian Candidate, which depicted the assassination of a Presidential candidate!
Had RFK run against Nixon in 1968, he may well have won. Nixon "benefited" from the death of another Kennedy, but the three-act drama was not over. Nixon also benefited from the total depravity of the new Left, which manifested itself in anti-war protests, hippies, excessive drug use, long hair, dirty people, sexual lasciviousness, and various other forms of unimpressiveness. The anti-war Left was placed in full view of the television cameras during the Chicago riots at the 1968 Democrat National Convention. The protestors chanted, "The whole world is watching" while the Chicago police rounded them up, thinking that the world would favor them. The world was aghast not at the police, but at them. The essence of what they wanted; ending the war - replacing the government with peace activists - was the opposite of what they in actuality got.
One positive thing seemed to come out of the era, however: great music from The Who, The Doors, The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Credence Clearwater Revival, The Beach Boys, The Byrds, Jefferson Airplane, Buffalo Springfield, Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, and many others..
Nixon inherited the Vietnam War, which by 1969 had lost the support of the American public. Lacking the kind of backing that might have led to ultimate victory if implemented several years earlier, he decided to make the most of it, using "carrot and stick" diplomacy.
In 1972, Nixon re-opened diplomatic relations with Red China. It was a bold move that he alone could accomplish at that time. Had a liberal Democrat tried it, he would have been excoriated. Nixon's anti-Communist credentials buffered him from conservative criticism. Combined with the impending end of the Vietnam War, Nixon consolidated the support of both the Right and moderate Democrats, winning re-election in 1972 by the largest margin in American history. He took all 50 states and 62 percent of the popular vote.
In 1973 and 1974, however, revelations of White House burglars breaking into Democrat National Headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. led to Nixon's resignation.
Deprived of political and public support by Watergate, facing a Democrat majority in Congress, Nixon's plan of triangulation unraveled. John and Robert Kennedy's younger brother, Teddy, was the key player in the third act of the Nixon-Kennedy drama. The agreement with the Communists had been that if they were break it, the U.S. would resume support of the South Vietnamese government; if not a return of the troops who departed in 1973, at least money, arms, materiel.
At this point, Kennedy made the decisive move, that point of departure that ultimately made conservatism the winning ideology of the 20th Century, if not of 2,000 years of Christian history, thus marginalizing the Democrats, then and now. By 1974, the fact that some 100 million human beings had been or were in the process of being murdered in the century was no longer hidden. Mao Tse-Tung's Cultural revolution, said to have claimed 55 million lives, was in its eighth year; its evils exposed.
Somehow, the Left, almost as if mesmerized by evil forces, did not see that with which was placed before thine eyes. Stanford University, for instance, had become radicalized, and its marching band actually did a tribute to Chairman Mao during the precise time in which he was murdering the maximum number of his citizens.
The Venona Project was not yet revealed; the Soviet and KGB archives that would be opened in the 1990s, revealing Alger Hiss's guilt and the full extent of the Communist holocaust, were not yet available to the public; but Kennedy and his party did know the political ideology this country was fighting had already killed substantially more people in its gulags and re-education camps than had died in the Nazi Holocaust. Despite this full knowledge, Kennedy and his party made the conscious (and unconscionable) decision not to oppose them; but instead to do all they could to oppose America's efforts at stopping them.
Teddy Kennedy did not kill the 1.5 million people who died as a result between 1975 and 1979. To say so would be moral relativism. The Communists killed them and they must shoulder the guilt, but had Kennedy and his party stood against them at this critical moment in history they would not have died.
From the short-term political analysis, it appeared in the mid-1970s that Ted Kennedy had "avenged" Richard Nixon on behalf of his two slain brothers. This brings forth one of the great "what if?" scenarios of all time. Had JFK not stolen the 1960 election from Nixon, several things may very well not have happened. First, Nikita Kruschev would probably not have been as adventurous; the Berlin Wall may not have gone up, and missiles may well have never been placed in Cuba.
Furthermore, Nixon probably would have allowed air cover to be used at the Bay of Pigs, which means the invasion probably would have succeeded, which means Fidel Castro would have been ousted, and Cuba would have been freed! Had this happened, there never would have been a Communist government to welcome the Soviets' delivery of nuclear missiles on Cuban soil.
Given these developments, the Communists may well have not given the go-ahead to Hanoi as they continued to amp up the Vietnam War, which could have been averted. Another possibility, which given Nixon's hard-line position - not adopted - at Dienbienphu in 1954, is that Nixon may have successfully won the war as early as 1964-65 by cutting it off at the head.
Had Vietnam not been fought, or had it been won in the mid-1960s by the Nixon Administration, this creates a host of further "what ifs?" that go in many directions. First, had the Cuban Missile Crisis been averted and the war either not fought or was won by America, there may never have been the need or the political will on both sides to implement the arms control treaties that Nixon put into place with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.
It goes beyond this. With Nixon in the White House in 1963 instead of John F. Kennedy, JFK would not have been assassinated. Most likely, Robert Kennedy would not have been running for President when he was assassinated in 1968. Teddy Kennedy would not have been the leader of the Democrat Party, in place to destroy the carefully-laid peace agreement of Nixon-Kissinger.
Perhaps the most interesting aspect of these "what ifs?" concerns Ronald Reagan. Had Nixon been seen as the "winner" of conservatism's ageless struggle with Communism, there may have never been a Reagan Revolution. Or, Reagan might have been the natural successor to Nixon. Or, John and Robert Kennedy may have won, or lost, Presidential elections in 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976 . . . all with consequences too complicated to effectively explore?
What did occur as a result of Ted Kennedy's actions, in concert with the Right's reaction to the American Left - anti-war protests, the gay liberation movement, the sexual revolution, the drug culture, treachery and lack of patriotism - was the success of Reagan, of conservatism, and of the Republican Revolution that followed. Richard Nixon rehabilitated his image in concert with Reagan's carrying on policies he started. Ted Kennedy became the despised face of the Left. That was his penalty.
The Vietnam War coincided with very bad economic times. Labor strikes and general malaise led to the near-downfall of New York City. In 1968-69, Mayor John Lindsey campaigned for and won re-election on the strength of his association with the Super Bowl champion Jets and the World Series champion Mets. But New York continued a long slide in which crime, the Mafia, the unions, racial and social strife tore the very fabric of the Big Apple. The 1950s swank of Madison Avenue, of Frank Sinatra, of Fun City, which was the New York of 1962, was gone by 1969, seemingly never to return. In 1977, the Summer of Sam when a deranged killer stalked the streets, New York was seen as corrupt, depicted by movies like Serpico; its streets dirty, its people unlikable; or a source of laughter as seen through the film Saturday Night Fever. A '70s laugh track.
New York's panache as the great city of the world was replaced by Los Angeles, the "in place" to be in the 1960s and 1970s. Nixon himself said of 1968 in general, and his home state in particular, that "this is the place" he would rather be; astride human history in 1968. L.A. was viewed as the place where they had gotten it right in race relations, and its defense industry was booming. Hollywood had a golden era in the 1960s and 1970s: Dr. Strangelove, In the Heat of the Night, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, Patton, M*A*S*H, The French Connection, The Godfather, The Godfather II, Three Days of the Condor, Chinatown, Marathon Man, Rocky, Network, The Deer Hunter and Apocalypse Now.
Just as Los Angeles was taking its place on the world stage, buoyed by its great sports teams, the prestige of USC and UCLA, of Hollywood and its defense industry, San Francisco - the mirror of New York - was suffering a similar fate. Its image was also captured on film, by the Clint Eastwood movies that spoke for the conservatives, increasingly at odds with activist judges and liberal lawmakers who invested their emotions on behalf of criminals instead of decent, law-abiding taxpayers.
The social dynamic of the 1970s directly correlated with the social one. L.A. was symbolized by its great Dodgers, Trojans and Lakers teams, playing on the national stage in gleaming stadiums. San Francisco had taken a back seat to gritty Oakland, its teams playing to sparse crowds with no stakes in stadiums that smelled of urine. There was no glamour, no panache in The City. Its politics took a Leftward turn for the worse, its businesses brought to a standstill by dockworkers, labor strikes, and Mob-controlled parking lot vendors. In 1981, the gay lifestyle, given such free reign, began to spread the AIDS virus.
In 1961 the United States launched the Mercury space program. In 1962, John Glenn circled the globe. The "space race" with the Soviet Union, one of the most dramatic symbols of the Cold War, was on in earnest. The U.S.S.R. got off to a fast start and consistently led the U.S., but American technological superiority prevailed.
Amazingly, America's great space accomplishments occurred simultaneously with the ravages of Vietnam and great social angst at home. Nevertheless, in 1969 Apollo 11 fulfilled President Kennedy's admonition that we "land a man on the Moon, and return him safely to Earth."
The first man was Neil Armstrong, who like many of the astronauts had an advanced degree from the University of Southern California (because NASA built a "bubble" on campus for the pilots to train in).
"One small step for man, one giant leap for Mankind," said Armstrong.
America's landing a man on the Moon, an achievement repeated a couple of years later, not only meant that the U.S. had defeated the Soviet Union, but it reflected this nation's exceptionalism. Since the founding of the country, America had consistently achieved things that were unthinkable anywhere else on Earth; the building of things, the completion of projects on this soil years - decades - before any other country did anything similar.
The Trans-continental railroad; the Los Angeles Aqueduct; the building of the Brooklyn Bridge, the Golden Gate Bridge, the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge; the Tennessee Valley Authority, Hoover Dam; the Manhattan Project, jet propulsion, the breaking of the "sound barrier," missile technology; medical advancements, elimination of childhood diseases, maladies that be-deviled man for all times; movies, automobiles, highways, scientific breakthroughs; accomplishments previously considered unthinkable, futuristic and fantastic; were routinely made into American reality!
In 1976, Democrat Jimmy Carter of Georgia defeated Republican Gerald Ford of Michigan for the Presidency. At that moment, the Left may well have felt that they were indeed the "winners" of American history; that the victory achieved by Lyndon Johnson and their party 12 years earlier, its Great Society ruined by Vietnam, had been given second life.
Carter was a direct result of the Civil Rights Act of 1964-65; considered moderate, yet friendly to blacks and palatable to whites. He represented a Southern base that political pundits knew would be the battleground for the future of America. The nation had "won" the civil right battle and extricated itself from Vietnam, using Watergate shame to incorrectly blame Nixon.
During his four years in office, however, America experienced what Carter himself called a "malaise." It was an era of bad hair, bad music, bad clothing styles, bad drugs, and bad morals. All the negatives of the 1960s with none of the political passion. America had lost her way. Nobody used the term "Cold War" anyway, preferring detante, which Reagan said was the relationship a farmer has with his turkey prior to Thanksgiving. Under Carter, we were the turkey.
Carter and his party mis-read American public opinion, thinking that Vietnam had worn us out, sapped us of our jingoism. His appeasement of the Soviets while they engaged in adventurism in Africa, Latin America, Asia and increasingly, the Middle East, enraged the Right. Our economy was tepid; gas lines, high interest rates, home ownership and the "American Dream" a bad nightmare instead.
In 1980, Reagan opposed Carter and won in a landslide. Between 1981 and 1989, the American economy boomed under Reagan. The stock market and real estate exploded. Reagan restored patriotism and built up the national defense, particularly through the funding of the Strategic Defense Initiative. It bankrupted the Soviet Union.
Reagan's Vice President, George H.W. Bush, was elected President in 1988. On his watch, the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, and on Christmas Day of 1991, the Soviet Union had collapsed. The United States had won the Cold War. Had the U.S. achieved this political victory by virtue of winning a war in which 40 million people had died, but the result was the same as it was in the early 1990s, historians would have judged it to be worth the cost, just as they judged winning World War II worth that cost.
"Ronald Reagan won the Cold War without firing a shot!" declared his partner, the conservative British "Iron Lady," Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.
In 1991, Bush launched the Persian Gulf War, pushing Iraq's Saddam Hussein out of Kuwait and establishing America as the dominant force in the Middle East. Combined with American ally Israel's having won Arab wars in 1967 and 1973, and the Soviets loss of Afghanistan in the 1980s, there was a sense that President Bush's "New World Order" was now the dominant global ethic, with America holding a special place of power over and above all previous conceptions. Author Francis Fukuyama's The End of History and the Last Man (1992) outlined this world. He was 16 years off the mark. There were more wars to fight, at home and abroad.
When the San Francisco 49ers won the Super Bowl in January of 1982, it had an enormous effect on The City. Its long-held "superiority complex" was long gone by then. There was simply no use trying to pretend. The town, its people, its politics, all it stood for, was seemingly low rent. It was not New York, and New York was in the doldrums. Los Angelenos could care less whether San Franciscans made fun of them. San Francisco was irrelevant. L.A. simply went forth and produced excellence. In all ways that people measure greatness, Southern California dominated Northern California.
While sports victories really have no direct connection with society, somehow they seem to spur people, to give them confidence and even hope. For years, the 1962 Giants had been a source of The City's nostalgia, of a better time not just on the field but in life. The collapse of the team mirrored the collapse of The City.
Suddenly, in 1981 the 49ers went out and beat the hated Los Angeles Rams (who seemed to have been sapped of their "precious bodily fluids" once they moved to Anaheim) twice. Led by a former Stanford coach (Bill Walsh), an ex-Notre Dame quarterback (Joe Montana) and a rookie safety from Southern Cal (Ronnie Lott), the 49ers captured the Super Bowl from the Cincinnati Bengals. In 1984 they proved it was no fluke; their 18-1 Super Bowl champs of that year are one of the greatest teams ever assembled. By January of 1995 they had won five Super Bowls and totally reversed the long inferiority complex of San Francisco. This time, they had something real and actual to feel superior about. The Rams were on their way to St. Louis.
Perhaps it was coincidence, but the 49ers' rise coincided with the Bay Area's rise. First, the Silicon Valley, stretching from San Francisco to San Jose, became the hub of America's economic and technological engines, its tentacles spreading into every area of global life.
Then, in 1992, two Jewish Democrat women from San Francisco, Dianne Feinstein (a moderate) and Barbara Boxer (an unabashed liberal), were elected to the Senate from the Golden State in the "Year of the Woman" election. This reversed years in which political power and influence, embodied by a conservative boys network characterized by the likes of Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan, had dominated California - and Western - politics.
The 1992 elections were a strange reversal also of the Reagan-Bush era; 12 years of Republican domination. Bill Clinton's victory was a result of odd twists of fortune not unlike the "what ifs?" that embody the Nixon-Kennedy relationship. In some ways, the election of the opposing party mirrored England's shift to Labor over the Conservative Winston Churchill after winning World War II.
When the U.S. ousted Saddam from Kuwait, resulting in wild celebrations and parades when the victorious troops returned home in 1991, George H.W. Bush had a 91 percent approval rating. His re-election seem assured. What happened, in part, was that Bush and the GOP became victims of their own success.
When the United States won the Cold War it produced an immediate "peace dividend," which manifested itself in the form of greatly reduced defense spending. The result of this were mass layoffs in the defense industry, located principally on the 405 corridor of Los Angeles between Westchester and Long Beach; i.e., Howard Hughes's L.A.
This snowballed into a mild recession. Clinton and his campaign advisor, James Carville, somehow managed to paint this as "the worst economy since the Great Depression." Bush still would have won in 1992, except that a Texas billionaire, Ross Perot, ran as an independent, siphoning off the Republican votes otherwise ticketed for the incumbent President. Clinton won with well under 50 percent of the vote, and was re-elected in 1996, again with less than 50 percent when Perot threw his hat in the ring a second time.
The job losses in Los Angeles hit during the worst decade in the region's history. In 1991, L.A.P.D officers were videotaped hitting a black motorist, which sparked riots in 1992. A stray gang bullet hit a USC football player. Orange County declared bankruptcy. Los Angeles experienced its worst sports decade. The only championship won by a Southern California team was UCLA's 1995 NCAA basketball title, which was quickly dissipated by coach Jim Harrick's firing over an expense report. USC's football team fell on hard times. The Dodgers were mediocre. The Angels blew the 1995 pennant in a September meltdown.
The Silicon Valley and San Francisco, on the other hand, experienced boom times. The beneficiary was President Clinton, who inherited a world in which "peace broke out all over" in wake of the Cold War's end. When the Republicans swept the 1994 mid-terms, they kept his "feet to the fire," pushing through Republican policies that spurred an economic recovery. The "Information Superhighway" created the Internet and its enormous investments. All those smart tech-savvy defense workers, laid off by Cold War victory, landed on their feet in the new dot-com era.
In 1999, Los Angeles began its recovery. It was embodied first by the building of Staples Center in downtown Los Angeles. This coincided with a three-year NBA championship run by the Los Angeles Lakers, led by coach Phil Jackson and two superstars, Shaquille O'Neal and Kobe Bryant.
The downtown L.A. corridor was refurbished by a gentrification project run by Mayor Richard Riordan. In addition, air quality standards were put in place, creating vastly cleaner air than Los Angelenos had been forced to breathe in 1962. When Pete Carroll took over and created one of the all-time great football dynasties at Southern California in the 2000s, it helped revitalize downtown L.A. even more, building on the momentum of Staples Center and Laker glory.
This helped in the building of the Galen Center, USC's new basketball arena, which in turn helped the creation of new businesses and nightlife in the heretofore moribund south-central Los Angeles area around USC.
The San Francisco Examiner went out of business. Many of its writers joined the San Francisco Chronicle. The Chronicle actually improved its sports section, largely on the basis of absorbing talent from the Examiner and also writing about prep sports. The political tone of the paper continued to be liberal, with columnists like Herb Caen, Charles McCabe and Art Hoppe replaced by even-less impressive scribes, most of whom found little alliance with Truth. As a direct result, the Chronicle's subscription base has gone down . . . down . . . down. At the same time, two local radio stations, KNEW and KSFO, went to conservative formats, and even in liberal San Francisco have blown ratings competitors away. Whether this fact is scientific proof of conservatism's superiority over liberalism is not known but worth exploring.
The Los Angeles Herald-Examiner went out of business. Former sports editor Bud Furillo passed away in 2006. The Santa Monica Evening Outlook also went out of business. The Orange County Register thrived in the growing suburbs of the Southland. Jim Murray passed away in 2000, and this had a direct effect on the quality of the Los Angeles Times. Its sports coverage went downhill and, especially after the Chandler family sold its interest to the umbrella company of the Chicago Sun-Times, of all things, the paper became reliably Left-leaning in the Bill Clinton years. As a direct result, its subscription base, like the New York Times for essentially the same reason, has plummeted. The Rupert Murdoch-owned New York Post became much more popular.
In 2000, George H.W. Bush's son, George W. Bush, was elected President of the United States. This anguished Teddy Kennedy, who had long felt that his was America's "royal family," and that he was the "crown prince." Instead, a former alcoholic, tobacco-chewing, born again Christian fighter pilot from Midland, Texas was the man turning the Bush family, not the Kennedys, into America's political dynasty.
George W. Bush's election and subsequent re-election in 2004 symbolized the face of America's changing political landscape, traced back to the 1964-65 Civil Rights Act, and Richard Nixon's 1968 "Southern strategy," when he made himself palatable to voters who otherwise would have cast ballots for the segregationist Alabama Governor, George Wallace.
Despite his family's Greenwich, Connecticut pedigree, Bush was a Southerner. His father had ventured to west Texas in the 1950s, where he made his millions as an oil "wildcatter." The odd conundrum was that the Civil Rights Movement was probably the greatest accomplishment of liberalism in the 1960s. Its benefactor was not the Democrats; it was the GOP when Nixon successfully husbanded the South into the mainstream of the union by making the party palatable to Southerners who abhorred the Left in the 1960s. Integration occurred with seamless success under the auspices of the GOP, much of it brought about when conservative football coaches like Alabama's Paul "Bear" Bryant recruited blacks in confluence with his team's home loss to the black-dominated USC Trojans at Birmingham in 1970. Ronald Reagan had harnessed the new sentiments and consolidated them. Clinton and his Vice President, Al Gore, briefly made the Democrats competitive in the South, but in 2000 Dixie, unimpressed with the Clinton's immorality, rebuffed them.
On September 11, 2001, Islamic terrorists flew two jets into the World Trade Center in New York City. Mayor Rudolph Giuliani ascended into heroic status for his handling of the crisis. Giuliani had made his name in the 1980s when, as a Reagan Administration prosecutor he all-but ended Mob rule in New York City, using the RICO statute to dismantle the organized criminal network of John Gotti and the Mafia.
Giuliani was elected Mayor and cleaned up Times Square of prostitutes, pimps, drug peddlers, porn shops, and other undesirables. He beefed up the police force, reduced crime, and performed what seemed to be a miracle. Single-handedly, Giuliani returned New York to its 1962 splendor, if not greater panache.
In 2000, the Republican Giuliani ran for the U.S. Senate seat from New York against Democrat Hillary Clinton. He easily would have won, but had to drop out when he was diagnosed with prostate cancer, which he subsequently overcame. In 2008, Giuliani ran for the Presidency.
After 9/11, President Bush launched two wars against Islamic Jihadism, in Afghanistan and in Iraq. Initially, the fall of the twin towers created terrible economic conditions. Against great odds, Bush restored the economy to its greatest levels in history. Whereby the Clinton economy had risen on the strength of the "peace dividend," courtesy of the GOP; policies put in place by a Republican Congress; and the false investments of the "dot-bomb" era; the Bush economy rebounded from 9/11 on the strength of sound financial principles.
In 2002, the Republicans swept the mid-terms and in 2004 Bush and his party were re-elected with the largest number of votes ever recorded. By 2008, victory was achieved in Afghanistan and Iraq. When this occurred, it had a profound effect on the Democrat Party, which as a result may actually dismantle and, by 2012, not even be a viable political entity.
The Cold War, while considered "Reagan's victory," in fairness was won by America, Republicans and Democrats alike. Harry Truman, John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson fought it and deserve a share of the credit. But Ted Kennedy's decision to abandon our South Vietnamese allies in 1974 led the party on an inexorable path of destruction. The very same strategy was attempted during the dark days of the Iraq War.
Republicans, like Winston Churchill standing alone against Adolf Hitler, were the only ones who stayed the course instead of cuttin' 'n' runnin'. When victory was attained, they and they alone were able to take credit and thus reap the rewards.
Osama bin Laden was forced to look upon the world's landscape and gulpingly realize that of all things he may have wanted to occur when he ordered the planes to fly into the World Trade Center in 2001, the very opposite is what actually occurred!
Francis Fukuyama's prediction that history had "ended" in 1992 had been premature. "World War III" had been the Cold War, won by America, led by Ronald Reagan. "World War IV" was the failed effort by bin Laden and the Jihadists to fuel a worldwide Islamic revolution. He had failed and American had won. Instead of bin Laden's goal coming true, the United States now was the dominant political-military force in the Middle East, buttressed by the second-most powerful entity, Israel. The Palestinian Intifadas had been rebuffed, replaced by Fatah holding sway over a divided Hamas, with a peace deal resulting in Palestinian statehood now on the agenda, orchestrated by Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice.
The "Axis of Evil" was now dismantled by Bush: Iraq, suddenly America's second-best ally in the Middle East; North Korea, acquiescing to arms inspector's demands after years of obfuscation; Iran, unable to gain a foothold or expand its "Persian Empire" in neighboring Iraq when General David Petraeus's "Surge" was successful, suddenly demonstrating they were no longer pursuing nuclear weapons with its previous bellicosity.
` In 2008, the United States of America stood astride the world like a colossus, a power over and above all previous assumptions, even American ones after World War II or the winning of the Cold War. The only power greater was God, which many Christian Revelationists are predicting will return at the End of Time, said to be between 2011 and 2012.
Whether Jesus Christ returns soon or not, the U.S. - his favored country? - has seemingly vanquished as much evil as possible in preparation thereof. Colonialism, slavery, nationalism, Nazism, Communism, terrorism; each deposited into the "ash heap of history" by the United States.
Carthage, the enemy of the Roman Empire, which according to the statesman Cato "must be destroyed" in order that the glory of R
Causes Steven Travers Supports
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