The first tests of intelligence were devised in 1905 in Paris by psychologist Alfred Binet, at the request of the French government. They wanted to identify children with learning difficulties, so extra teaching could be given. In 1916, the American psychologist Lew Terman, who was working at stanford university in california, adapted the Binet tests, and coined the term "intelligence quotient," or IQ. These tests became known as the stanford- Binet tests. They asked a series of questions relating to numbers, words and objects, to determine the mental age of the person doing the best (as opposed to his or her actual age). Thus the formula was: mental age/ actual age x 100= IQ.
Ooops! IQ test measure what- person has learned as well as his or her abilility to solve problems in different subjects. But since some people's aptitudes lie predominantly in one area rather then another, and come tests are culturally influenced these tests cannot really determine a person's general level of intelligence- the score merely reveals how you complete IQ tests.
Q. Mensa is the name of that international society composed of people with high IQ's, why that name?
A. Because the organization was founded as and continues to be a round table society- meaning an informal discussion group- and mensa is the Latin word for "table." The symbol suggest the union of equds.
Dunong: from the Japanese kedunungan, meaning " to be intelligent."