I recently received an email from someone claiming to be a writer for a how-to website. This person stated they wrote articles for the search site and wanted to use one of my images for their article (originally used from one of my Via magazine assignments).
This is normal in the photography industry, and a big reason why I own all of my images (and do not do "Work for Hire" jobs which transfer all image rights to your clients). I grant first-time publishing rights, and once my photos are used by my client, they are part of my image collection, available to license through my company or my stock agency. Some clients think licensing our images is 'extra money' but it's not- it's simply part of our income as freelance photographers - photographers with no guaranteed source of income, no benefits, no 401K or pension plans. Getting back to the request, after doing a little research on my own, I come to find out this person was not a writer for the website, nor employee as a writer anywhere else. Instead the site relies on people for their content - it's like saying you're a writer for Wikipedia. And not to bash this person since most people aren't aware of copyright laws, or the licensing fees for a photograph, or the proper way to go about obtaining images - shoot, I've had some editors and clients in the past who didn't necessarily follow the proper way being in the business of licensing images - but pleading ignorance doesn't necessarily get you off scot-free either. Then as I researched the how-to site a bit more I learned that my image was ALREADY on the site - with the credit listed as the magazine I originally shot it for! They basically took the image from Via's website and pasted it into their article. At this point I had a few options - I could: 1) Contact my copyright lawyer and sue (which is the last thing I would do since mistakes do occur, and I'm not one to stick it to people that way) 2) Send them a bill for licensing, charging them a penalty for illegally using my image (this is more in line with the norm, and completely appropriate since the image was up for at least a week or two). 3) Notify the "writer" and the website were infringing on my copyright with the unauthorized use of my image and to remove it immediately or face a possible lawsuit and licensing fees (which is what I did). The site removed the image that day, and at first the "writer" was a bit rude but after explaining the law, she relented and apologized. If they made me an offer to pay for the use, I would have looked up the licensing fee in my price guides, and charged them appropriately including the time they had already used it for. If she didn't apologize, she would have been dealing with my lawyer. The site also tried to claim that they didn't have control of what members uploaded- wrong- if it's their site, they SHOULD have control - or they might get sued. Moral of the story- your photos are exactly that- yours. If you are a professional photographer with your own business, they are not just sitting in your files or computer, they are part of your inventory. I can't just go and take something off of the shelf at Target, walk out with it, and claim "it was just sitting on your shelf". A lot of money, time, effort, experience, knowledge, and equipment goes into all of the images I produce- as with any business that has a product to sell. Control your photos - do your homework - purchase pricing guides and/or software like Fotoquote or Jim Pickerell's stock guide, and prepare yourself for the day when a client wants to buy one of your images- or one uses an image without asking for permission. And if someone tried to abuse your copyright, find a lawyer. Irregardless of royalty free photos, royalty free art, royalty free graphics, and all the accessible work on the internet, my photos aren't free.
Causes Sean Arbabi Supports
Sierra Club, The Nature Conservancy, The Trust for Public Land