I have just started to read the latest short story in the New Yorker. It just so happens that it is written by fellow Irish man Roddy Doyle. Just as one gets to the third, fourth paragraph I note that the word F****ing is used three times, in that one paragraph. I am trying to figure out this whole thing to do with use of ''bad'' language in fiction. I am trying to gauge if it is purely an Irish thing......I note that when I visit California, about once a year, that the use of ''bad'' language is not that obvious, i.e. on the street, in common everyday situations, whereas here it seems to be part of the natural vocabulary for many people here. I also wonder if there is a little shock value to be gained from using the F word? Is it still considered to be a little daring. Don't know. Any suggestions appreciated?