The world is in dire straits.The neo-liberal paradigm marked by individualism and non-governmental intervention has collapsed.Lehman Brothers and Merrill Lynch have disappeared from the financial landscape of Wall Street. AIG,the largest insurance company in the world now survives via a lifeline from the US Treasury.Each month since December over 650 000 workers have been sent home in a recession that Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund[IMF] Dominique Strauss-Kahn has formally labelled''The Great Recession''.Meanwhile, Madoff has left a 50 billion dollar hole on Wall Street,drilled by a brilliant Ponzi Scheme.
Just last week,President Barack Obama, in commenting on the issue of AIG paying out 165 million in bonuses although the company had benefitted from more than US 170 billion in federal aid,said, ''this isn't just a matter of dollars and cents,it's about our fundamental values''.The President is dead on track here,let me hasten to add, but then,what is he going to do about it? Somewhere along the way,America had lost her way.There had been a drastic deterioration of fundamental values.What the leader was really saying was that there had been a cultural change.I propose a bold step for America and President Barack Obama.At this crucial hour only a CULTURAL REVOLUTION WILL SAVE AMERICA. I will elaborate.
Structuralism as defined by Claude Levi-Strauss and Ferdinand de Saussure looks at patterns, systems and structures.There are two key points here.Firstly,all systems and structures have a center or point of origin.Secondly,all systems/structures are created of binary pairs or oppositions placed in some relation with the other.Thus right/wrong;light/dark;culture/nature;being/nothingness;reason/madness;masculine/feminine;good/evil; God/Satan;yin/yan;supply/demand;heaven/hell;langue/parole;capitalism/communism;order/chaos etc.Jacques Derrida, a leading French philosopher,argued that in Western culture,the first of the binary pair is marked positive and the other as negative.Then there was a movement from structuralism towards poststructuralism or deconstruction.With deconstruction now, there is no centerto hold the elements of a system in place.Hence meaning becomes ambiguous and the floodgates are opened to Derrida's ''infinite possibilities''.What deconstruction does really, is to remove the slash from the binary pairs so that the structure which held them together,inevitably collapses,so that ultimately, you can't differentiate between them.
I think this is what has happened in the world at large.Somehow, in the movement from STRUCTURALISM to DECONSTRUCTION[POSTSTRUCTURALISM],the culture was changed when the slashes were removed.Then, things started to fall apart from the seams,on Wall Street,and then elsewhere around the globe.
Roland Barthes and Jacques Derrida probably opened the floodgates to literary anarchy in the modern dispensation.With one ''deconstructing'' and the other ''killing'' the author-thereby opening up modern literary criticism and interpretation to diverse and infinite possibilities.
So that any text can be repeated in an infinite number of possible contexts for an infinite number
of potential but undetermined addresses.
While poststructuralism as a theory may sound wonderful,from a practical perspective,interpretation of text becomes too diverse,veering completely away from the intentions of the author.Modern literary theory as a consequence, should therefore seek a more pragmatic approach to interpretation-A MOVEMENT BACK FROM THE BRINKOF INFINITE POSSIBILITIES TOWARDS A GREATER FOCUS. This movement can be called TEMPORARY STRUCTURES[T/S].Temporary Structures[T/S] have no relation whatsoever to Noam Chomsky's deep structure theory.Deep structure and surface structure are the complimentary concepts upon which Chomsky's Transformational Grammar is based..Whereas Structuralism is built upon a center or a fixed origin and whereas Poststructuralism postulates a decentered universe,Temporary Structures are more fluid than Structuralism.In fact,it might be analogous to a glass of water[half-filled], into which a dozen or so pellets are dissolved,On a continuum ,it moves from ''liquid'' to ''less liquid''.It is this state then of ''less liquid'' that constitutes the conceptualization of Temporary Structures.
Causes enoch john Supports
freedom of thought and expression