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WHAT MAKES A WRITER WRITE? My Life with "Who Lives?"

While I’m a fiction writer now, I discovered in grad school the joys of writing plays. One of them was that actors would be reading the lines, and if something didn’t work, he, she, or the director would tell me. Also, I could sit in the dark and watch people respond to something I’d written, but the focus wasn’t on me. Rather, people watched the actors. I was very shy then.

Eleven years ago, I wrote a drama called Who Lives? It had a successful run in Los Angeles then, and a new production opens in Los Angeles on March 12. The play focuses on the first workable kidney dialysis machine and a committee of ordinary citizens in Seattle who had to select a dozen people who might live if the machine worked as hoped. The committee had to choose from among thousands of people dying of kidney disease. Who was worthy to live and why? This topic is as important as ever as healthcare in America can only cover so many people.

The play also serves as a good example of why write anything. Let me back into this subject.

Before this play, I had no connection to kidney dialysis, but it’s easy to empathize. Whether one has good kidneys or not, almost everyone grows up feeling different in some way—having “different” skin color, having a home or family life unlike other people or perhaps not being smart enough, or talented in sports enough, or not good-looking enough. Remember the sinking feeling when two team captains would choose teams for dodge ball? I was never the first choice. We fill the vessels of our identity as being less than others. That’s an element in the play.

The idea of this play did not come to me like many of my short stories. For example, a short story of mine, “The Rotary,” in my first collection began when I asked my mother how her father became bald. His baldness was a strange side effect from surviving the terrible flu epidemic of 1918. That led to my writing a story where I imagined my grandfather at eighteen in Boston before the epidemic hit, having an idea of a career different than what his father wanted for him. Many of my stories are simply “being” someone else that I can empathize with.

The story for the play came in a way none of my stories had ever come. I’d been trying my hand at screenwriting at the time, and I had interested a film producer named Brenda Friend with two of my scripts, one of which she’d optioned. She would later produce films on Joan of Arc and inspirational teacher Ron Clark. Before becoming a producer, Brenda had been an actress and playwright, and she’d seen my play Suburban Anger. She was, you might say, one of the few people on earth acquainted with much of my oeuvre.

She asked to meet me, and I was excited—perhaps she had good news on one of my screenplays. Rather, she handed me a Life magazine from 1963, and turned to a page about the “life-and-death” committee for the first kidney dialysis machine.  She said, “I think there’s a play here, but I’m not the one to write it. You might be.”

I took the article and looked at the silhouetted portraits of members of the committee, an anonymous group in Seattle who had to choose who might possibly live if given a chance to be a part of the first long-term test of kidney dialysis.

Instantly, it felt like it could be a reverse Twelve Angry Men, the famous play by Reginald Rose about a jury deciding whether a defendant is guilty and should be put to death. The Life article showed me that the life-and-death committee was a jury of sorts deciding which few people among thousands dying from failing kidneys might live. If I wrote a play, it would explore what makes a person valuable—then and now.

There was a problem, though: while the committee, whoever they might be, certainly struggled over life-and-death issues, it was not their lives at stake. If I made the story about someone with kidney disease, on the other hand, he or she was helpless and passive. The committee would take them or not. Thus, I had the idea of making a dynamic and sometimes despicable lawyer have kidney disease, and the committee turns him down. What would he do then?  As strong as his personality was, even he had feelings of being “less.”

Brenda ended up producing the original production of Who Lives? with Jay McAdams, and it was directed by Debbie Devine at the 24th Street Theatre near USC, and I thank them for everything. Now the play is being produced again, thanks to Lori Hartwell and her organization, the Renal Support Network

This production comes to me as an opportunity to improve on what’s worked well. While the original production was moving, and the play has been published, this production’s director, Joe Ochman, is not taking anything in the play for granted. Each moment has to be earned. We’ve discussed certain scenes, and I’ve found moments to make even more powerful.

One key new moment was inspired by my late friend, the playwright Robert E. Lee (Inherit the Wind). He was lucky enough to receive a new liver when he was seventy, and he lived another five years. He wrote another play and a novel. When that liver, though, was going out and he was dying, he said he noticed the nurses didn’t look at him directly anymore. It was as if they knew he was dying, and it was too much for them. I’ve added such a moment for one of the patients, which motivates what’s to come.

Let me tell you in advance: there’s humor in this play. The interplay of personalities interests me still and makes me laugh. It’s not about grimness; it’s about what we value. I see 2009 as the start of a new age of hope, and this play fits right in. May you have a chance to witness Who Lives? If you can't see the production, you can buy the book. Amazon has it, as does Vroman's Bookstore in Pasadena, and Skylight Books and Book Soup in Los Angeles.


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Good stuff, Chris. So your

Good stuff, Chris. So your play is in rehearsal now -- exciting days ahead for you :-)

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Dancing on stage

Thanks, Mark. I feel much like the photo of yourself, dancing on a stage. Sometimes if one stays persistent, good things happen.

That's what I'm telling myself as I'm a third of the way into a new novel. The part I always forget until I'm in the middle of a project is the anxiety-and-confusion feeling. I'm thinking, "Is this really going to work?" It usually does, but you can't know for sure. You can't predict, say, that a novel will make complete sense (first dreafts rarely do) or that it gets published and will get great word-of-mouth or that a play producer will like your play. We have to pretend that what we write each day will add to something special and allows us to move forward.

In the case of "Who Lives?", it's worked, but there are still miles to go: rehearsing, marketing, and bringing in audiences.