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Name of founder: Peter Benenson
Year founded: 1961
Mission: Amnesty Internationalinvestigates and takes action to prevent or halt abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience and expression, and freedom from discrimination. In 1977, the organization was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts.
- Its Control Arms campaign has published many reports and has organized more than one hundred People's Consultations in more than forty countries around the world to give people and communities a forum to demand that their governments take action for tough international arms controls over the more than 640 million firearms in existence worldwide.
- Includes 2.2 million members worldwide.
Profile: Amnesty International concentrates its human rights work on five areas that historically have been areas for widespread violation:
- Women's rights
- Children's rights
- Ending torture and execution
- Refugees' rights
- Rights of prisoners of conscience
Amnesty International produces highly respected reports on human rights abuses worldwide. It uses these reports to conduct campaigns themed according to individuals or countries committing abuses, or to specific kinds of abuses that occur across borders.
To volunteer, make a donation, or become otherwise involved, go to the organization's How You Can Help page.
–Huntington W. Sharp, Senior Editor, Red Room
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